14 August Pakistan Independence Day (یوم آزادی; Yaum-e Āzādī), observed annually on 14 August, is a national holiday in Pakistan. It commemorates the day when Pakistan achieved independence and was declared a sovereign nation following the end of the British Raj in 1947. Pakistan came into existence as a result of the Pakistan Movement, which aimed for the creation of an independent Muslim state in the north-western regions of South Asia via a partition. The movement was led by the All-India Muslim League under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The event was brought forth by the Indian Independence Act 1947 under which the British Raj gave independence to the Dominion of Pakistan which comprised West Pakistan (present-day Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). In the Islamic calendar, the day of independence coincided with Ramadan 27, the eve of which, being Laylat al-Qadr, is regarded as sacred by Muslims.
The main Independence Day ceremony takes place in Islamabad, where the national flag is hoisted at the Presidential and Parliament buildings. It is followed by the national anthem and live televised speeches by leaders. Usual celebratory events and festivities for the day include flag-raising ceremonies, parades, cultural events, and the playing of patriotic songs. A number of award ceremonies are often held on this day, and Pakistanis hoist the national flag atop their homes or display it prominently on their vehicles and attire.
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14 August Pakistan Independence Day History
14 August Pakistan Independence Day The area constituting Pakistan was historically a part of the British Indian Empire throughout much of the nineteenth century. The East India Company began their trade in South Asia in the 17th century, and the company rule started in 1757 when they won the Battle of Plassey. Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown assuming direct control over much of the Indian subcontinent. All-India Muslim League was founded by the All India Muhammadan Educational Conference at Dhaka, in 1906, in the context of the circumstances that were generated over the division of Bengal in 1905 and the party aimed at the creation of a separate Muslim state.
The period after World War I was marked by British reforms such as the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms, but it also witnessed the enactment of the repressive Rowlatt Act and strident calls for self-rule by Indian activists. The widespread discontent of this period crystallized into nationwide non-violent movements of non-cooperation and civil disobedience. The idea for a separate Muslim state in the northwest regions of South Asia was introduced by Allama Iqbal in his speech as the President of the Muslim League in December 1930. Three years later, the name of “Pakistan” as a separate state was proposed in a declaration made by Choudhary Rahmat Ali, in the form of an acronym. It was to comprise the five “northern units” of Punjab, Afghania (erstwhile North-West Frontier Province), Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan. Like Iqbal, Bengal was left out of the proposal made by Rahmat Ali.
In the 1940s, as the Indian independence movement intensified, an upsurge of Muslim nationalism helmed by the All-India Muslim League took place, of which Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the most prominent leader. Being a political party to secure the interests of the Muslim diaspora in British India, the Muslim League played a decisive role during the 1940s in the Indian independence movement and developed into the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state in South Asia. During a three-day general session of All-India Muslim League from 22–24 March 1940, a formal political statement was presented, known as the Lahore Resolution, which called on for the creation of an independent state for Muslims. In 1956, 23 March also became the date on which Pakistan transitioned from a dominion to a republic, and is known as Pakistan Day.
Independence Day Pakistan
14 August Pakistan Independence Day: In 1946, the Labour government in Britain, exhausted by recent events such as World War II and numerous riots, realized that it had neither the mandate at home, the support internationally, nor the reliability of the British Indian Army for continuing to control an increasingly restless British India. The reliability of the native forces for continuing their control over an increasingly rebellious India diminished, and so the government decided to end the British rule of the Indian Subcontinent. In 1946, the Indian National Congress is a secular party, demanded a single state. The Muslim majorities, who disagreed with the idea of the single state, stressed the idea of a separate Pakistan as an alternative. The 1946 Cabinet Mission to India was sent to try to reach a compromise between Congress and the Muslim League, proposing a decentralized state with much power given to local governments, but it was rejected by both of the parties and resulted in a number of riots in South Asia.
Eventually, in February 1947, Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that the British government would grant full self-governance to British India by June 1948 at the latest. On 3 June 1947, the British government announced that the principle of division of British India into two independent states was accepted. The successor governments would be given dominion status and would have an implicit right to secede from the British Commonwealth. ViceroyMountbatten chose 15 August, the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender in the World War II, as the date of power transfer. He chose 14 August as the date of the ceremony of power transfer to Pakistan because he wanted to attend the ceremonies in both India and Pakistan.
The Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo 6 c. 30) passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom divided British India into the two new independent dominions; the Dominion of India (later to become the Republic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan (later to become the Islamic Republic of Pakistan). The act provided a mechanism for division of the Bengal and Punjab provinces between the two nations (see the partition of India), the establishment of the office of the Governor-General, conferral of complete legislative authority upon the respective Constituent Assemblies, and division of joint property between the two new countries. The act later received royal assent on 18 July 1947. The partition was accompanied by violent riots and mass casualties, and the displacement of nearly 15 million people due to religious violence across the subcontinent; millions of Muslim, Sikh and Hindu refugees trekked the newly drawn borders to Pakistan and India respectively in the months surrounding independence. On 14 August 1947, the new Dominion of Pakistan became independent and Muhammad Ali Jinnah was sworn in as its first governor-general in Karachi. Independence was marked with widespread celebration, but the atmosphere remained heated given the communal riots prevalent during independence in 1947.
14 August Pakistan Independence Day 2018 Date
Pakistan Independence Day will be on Tuesday, 14 August. Independence Day is Pakistan’s national day and is celebrated annually on 14 August. On this day in 1947, Pakistan became the world’s first Islamic republic when it gained independence from British rule.
Shayari on Independence Day of Pakistan in Urdu
14 August Pakistan Independence Day: Here are some poems about 14 August Pakistan Independence Day 2018.
Pakistan Independence Day is the blessing of God for all Muslims who live in this part of the subcontinent. There are a lot of sacrifices of every age person towards Pakistan republic day. On this day happy Independence Day poems and Independence Day quotes fill up the celebrations of Independence Day14 August. In schools, colleges, organizations, institutes, homes, and TV Channels you e Azadi poetry and Pakistan 14 August Shayari in Urdu programs are engaged for provoking the passions and spirit of Pakistan nation. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan came into being on 14 August 1947 and if we search on Google that what was the Islamic date on Independence Day of Pakistan. Then we find that it was the night of 14–15 August 1947 coincided with 27 Ramadan 1366 of the Islamic calendar, which Muslims regard as a sacred night.
Sher on independence day in Urdu 2018
Tum Ho ik Zinda o Javed Rawayat k Chirag – Tum koi Sham ka Suraj ho Jo Dhal Jao Ge
Get best images of Independence Day speeches and history of Pakistan Azadi Day 14 August 1947. We have the best collection of Independence Day Shayari by famous poets. 14 August Poems and Shayari are used in every seminar happy Independence Day debate competition. You can save these Independence day quotes and can use them for best 14 August speech in Urdu and English. These HD wallpapers of 14 August in Urdu have best quotes and poetry for taqreer and debate competition.
14 August Songs Pakistani
14 August Pakistan Independence Day best songs for independence day Pakistan 2018. Now watch the collections.
National Songs of Pakistan in Urdu
August 14, 1947, a sacred country appears on the map of the world. The ideology of this newborn country is Islam. It is called as Fort of Islam. Yes, it is Pakistan. A great Country of a great Nation. Jashn-E-Azadi Mubarak (Happy Independence Day).
14 August Song
Happy Independence Day Pakistan